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Emergency Response Legislation

In response to the Coronavirus pandemic, the federal government has enacted several pieces of legislation to provide health care funding and economic assistance to Americans:

CARES Act

The "Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act," or "CARES Act," enacted on March 27, 2020, responds to the COVID-19 outbreak and its impact on the economy, public health, state and local governments, individuals, and businesses. The CARES Act, in part, provides funding for federal agencies to respond to the pandemic; funds various loans, grants, and other forms of assistance for businesses, industries, states, local governments, and hospitals; provides tax rebates of up to $1,200 per individual and an additional $500 per child; temporarily expands unemployment benefits; and suspends payments and interest on federal student loans. The Act also provides for various oversight entities, including a Special Inspector General for Pandemic Recovery (SIGPR) and the Pandemic Response Accountability Committee (PRAC).

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CARES Act Breakdown

$1.9 Trillion

  • CARES ACT
  • Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act
  • $78.1B Airline Industry
  • $75B Federal Program Administration and Oversight
  • $14.1B Higher Education
  • $100B Hospitals and Health Care Providers
  • $468B Individuals
  • $454B Emergency Lending
  • $16.9 Public Services
  • $376B Small Business
  • $263B State, Local, and Tribal Governments
  • $608M Global Assistance
  • $9.5B Farming Industry
  • Source: Public Law 116-136; Agency Appropriations Information verified through OIG and Treasury Data.
  •  
  • *** Other education funding, including K-12 schools, is included in the State, Local, and Tribal Governments category
  •  ** Includes Internal Revenue Service Estimate of Cash Payments as of 4/15/2020 $292 B
  •  ** Includes Department of Labor Estimate for Extra Unemployment Payments as of 4/15/2020 $150.6 B
  •   * Federal Reserve emergency lending facilities support the flow of credit to consumers, employers, businesses, and municipalities
This graphic does not include an estimated $298 billion in tax relief/credits over the next 10 years to assist individuals, businesses, and charitable organizations

Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act

Enacted on April 24, 2020, this legislation adds funds to the Paycheck Protection Program, an emergency business loan program established under the CARES Act, as well as other Small Business Administration programs. In addition, the Act provides funds to health care providers treating COVID-19 cases and for federal, state, local, and tribal coronavirus testing and tracing initiatives

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PPP HCE

$483 Billion

  • Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act
  • $17B Federal Program Administration and Oversight
  • $9.3B Public Services
  • $310B Small Business
  • $11B State, Local, and Tribal Governments
  • $76B Hospitals and Health Care Providers
  • $60B Financial Institutions
  • Source: Public Law 116-139; Agency Appropriations Information verified through OIG and Treasury Data.

 

Families First Coronavirus Response Act

The "Families First Coronavirus Response Act," enacted on March 18, 2020, responds to the COVID-19 outbreak by providing paid sick leave, tax credits, and free COVID-19 testing; expanding food assistance and unemployment benefits; and increasing Medicaid funding.

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Public Law 116-127 - April 2020

$3.4 Billion

  • Families First Coronovirus Response Act
  • $221M Federal Program Administration and Oversight
  • $900M Individuals
  • $1.2B Public Services
  • $1B State, Local, and Tribal Governments
  • Source: Public Law 116-127; Agency Appropriations Information verified through OIG and Treasury Data.

Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act

The "Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2020," enacted on March 6, 2020, provides $8.3 billion in emergency funding for several federal agencies (the Department of Health and Human Services, the State Department, and the Small Business Administration) to respond to the coronavirus outbreak. It also addresses telehealth services during the pandemic.

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Public Law 116-123 - April 2020

$7.8 Billion

  • Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act
  • $1.2B Federal Program Administration and Oversight
  • $3.4B Public Services
  • $2.2B State, Local, and Tribal Governments
  • $986M Global Assistance
  • Source: Public Law 116-123; Agency Appropriations Information verified through OIG and Treasury Data.